The term sexual orientation and gender identity is agreed intergovernmental language, for example in resolutions 67168 and 69182 of the general assembly of 2014 and 2012 and resolutions 1719 and 2732 of the human rights council of 2011 and 2014 respectively. Equality in islamislam spread the message of equality. In the muslim world, economic advancement depends upon womens empowerment. In aceh, indonesia, a charter on womens rights was announced that illustrates the efficacy of a religiousbased approach in the struggle to curb genderspecific discrimination. The status of women in the societies of world religions kamila klingorova a, tomas havlicek a abstract the status of women in society is very diverse worldwide. Gender equality, also known as sexual equality or equality of the sexes, is the state of equal ease of access to resources and opportunities regardless of gender, including economic participation and decisionmaking. Most references to testimony witness in the quran do not make any reference to gender. Table a3 in the appendix a shows the correlation coefficients between the gender equality indices. Gender and equality in muslim family law over women was a given. Recognizing that cultural and religious patriarchal constructs that back to prerislamic. Gender equality in islam does not imply that women and men are the same. In identifying what is islamic it is necessary to make a distinction between the primary sources of islam the quran and the sunnah and legal opinions of scholars on specific issues, which may vary.
Pdf the gender equality and womens human rights in. But they have equal value and should be accorded equal treatment. Gender equality in islam alquranclasses co itgenerations. Islamism and gender relations in the muslim world as reflected in. Sisters in islam sisters in islam provides a wide range of information resources on marriage, divorce, domestic violence in muslim societies. Jan 02, 2015 when dealing with the islamic perspective of any topic, there should be a clear distinction between the normative teachings of islam and the diverse cultural practices among muslims, which may or may not be consistent with them. Pdf women empowerment and gender equality in islam. Pdf the gender equality and womens human rights in islamic. The islam source of legislation variable is available for 53 muslimmajority countries. Islam there can be no discrimination against women. Gender and equality in muslim family law justice and. The case for gender equality in the muslim world business.
The studys goal was to describe a detailed and comprehensive description of how muslim women use islam to promote gender equality and improve treatment within their daily lives. Justice and equality, all muslims believe, are intrinsic values and cardinal principles in islam. Any approach to analysing global trends in gender equality must be cognizant of the fact that not all gender disparities favour men. Among the remarkable features of the quran, particularly in. Islam is the religion of peace and equality and it always spread the message of equality among muslims because all muslims are equal in the eyes of almighty allah. Gender equality would get rid of this issue by ensuring that one chooses their profession without being subjected to social prejudice. Experiences of the bmz funded sector programme promoting gender equality and womens rights. Promoting an employee over a more capable one on the basis of gender. Equality, responsibility and accountability for both men and women are a well developed theme in quran. Gender and equality in muslim family law justice and ethics.
When dealing with the islamic perspective of any topic, there should be a clear distinction between the normative teachings of islam and the diverse cultural practices among muslims, which may or may not be consistent with them. It originates from political, economic, social and cultural factors. Gender, seksualiti, islam, wasatiyyah, alquran, hadis abstract this article deals with issues of gender and sexuality from the perspective of religion of islam, specifically the wasatiyyah approach, which is a moderate trend that takes into account the current situations of muslims and their relationship with others. The impact of islam as a religion and muslim women on. To be treated equally, or justice, does not always mean that each is the same. Among many important traits associated with the differentiation of gender inequality is religion, which itself must be regarded as a fluid concept. It is undeniable that modern issues on gender and sexuality are largely influenced by western sociocultural practices.
Gender refers to the different roles that are assigned to males and females. Dar alifta al misriyyah is considered among the pioneering foundations for fatwa in the islamic world. The impact of islam as a religion and muslim women on gender. Historical and current trends it may appear as though gender equality is a foreign import to islam, with any emphasis on it the result of ex ternal forces pressuring muslim communities to reform attitudes and practices related to widespread gender inequality and discrimination. Some of the major evidences taken directly from the text are those verses ayahs, which reference both men and women in an equitable light. Gender discrimination is one of the most overwhelming and illfounded allegations used to discredit islam.
Gender equality and islam promoting womens human rights through religion the religion of islam strongly influences the social, economic and political spheres of life. The gender equality and womens human rights in islamic texts quran and hadith research pdf available april 2015 with 25,405 reads how we measure reads. Mar 25, 2016 gender equality proponents point out that although women are considered generally more religious than men, many religions and denominations continue to treat each gender differently, including. The egalitarian conception of gender inhering in the ethical vision of islam existed in tension with the hierarchical relation between the sexes encoded into the marriage structure instituted by islam. The same applies to our belief in the equality of men and women. Pdf gender equality, islam, and law raihanah abdullah and. Both genders are entitled to equality before the law and courts of law. View women and gender issues in islam research papers on academia. Musawah a global movement for equality and justice in the muslim family islam and the question of gender equality is part of a series of knowledge briefs for womens rights activists to provide advocacy arguments and convey key ideas and concepts related to. On the compatibility of islam and gender equality article pdf available in social indicators research 903. Following the tragic events of september 11th, it has become vital that both non muslims and muslims gain a greater understanding of the religion of islam.
Gender, sexuality, and islam under the shadow of empire saadia toor. Some references fully equate the testimony of males and female. This egalitarianism is a consistent element of the ethical utterances of the quran. We all should know and remember that one basic element in the value system of islam is the principle of equality. As for islam, gender equality is part of its jurisprudence and fundamental teachings. Gender equality proponents point out that although women are considered generally more religious than men, many religions and denominations continue to treat each gender differently, including. Womens absolute lmp is higher in muslim countries with higher levels of economic development and in the oilexporting countries.
In discussion of islam, muslim women, and gender equality, controversy has. The samples are somewhat smaller when using the sigi and its subindices. Pdf gender inequality in muslim majority countries. For decades, women activists in islamic countries have been striving for political and legal reforms in order to overcome genderspecific discrimination. Numerous verses of the quran and prophetic traditions enjoin gender equality which categorically proves that gender.
Galloway under the direction of the chair of the dissertation committee listed below. When an employer practices gender discrimination, it cannot be good for anyone, and least of all for the organization. For instance, the most famous of which is n surah alahzab. Gender discrimination and islam dar alifta al misriyyah. Genderequality ideals make muslim women more religious. The ciri gender equality indices are available for up to 56 muslimmajority countries.
Within islam, gender justice means that women must be respected, they must be shielded from harassment, that men are not entitled to bully or use violence against women just because of their physical strength or because of having a larger body than women. It is a wellknown fact that the teachings of the holy quran did not only relieve womankind from innumerable troubles and the plight of inhuman treatment, but it also elevated their status to the dignity par excellence. Spiritual equality of men and women as mentioned in the quran, and a glance at the differences between the genders in other aspects of life. Muslim women focuses disproportionately on the middle east and north africa region.
Gender, seksualiti, islam, wasatiyyah, alquran, hadis abstract this article deals with issues of gender and sexuality from the perspective of religion of islam, specifically the wasatiyyah approach, which is a moderate trend that takes into account the current situations of. Gender equality in muslimmajority countries sciencedirect. For example, trends in educational attainment in recent years indicate gender reversals. One dimension, which is particularly shaped by islamic tenets, is the status of and relationship between men and women. The regularly heated debate on personal status issues, especially for its connection, with a broader discussion about sharia or islamic law, and its relation to positive laws and legal practice usually run in a vicious cycle between two conflicting tendencies, the first sees sharia as a major impediment to modernizing family laws, according to the stander of gender equality. In reference to the above verse, modern scholar laila ahmed in women and gender in islam says that the implications are farreaching. Gender inequality, a hot issue, is genetically ascribed to religion whereas its causes are purely nonreligious. This article sheds some light on the differences between men and women found by modern science, and how these results reflect the way justice is met to each of the two sexes. It has been the premier institute to represent islam and the international flagship for islamic legal research.
The purpose of this study was to examine and explore the meanings, structures and essence of the lived experience of muslim women via an islamic theoretical kalam framework. One basic element in the value system of islam is the principle of equality or equity. Islam teaches that in the sight of allah almighty, all people are equal, but they are not necessarily identical. This article sheds some light on the differences between men and women found by modern science, and how these results reflect the way justice is met to each of the two sexes in various realms. The focus of this paper is the normative teachings of islam as the criteria to judge muslim practices and evaluate their compliance with islam. Islam and the question of gender equality authorseditors. Women and gender issues in islam research papers academia. Gender equality is the measurable equal representation of women and men. There are no islamic texts either quranic verse or hadith state that women will have. Glas, saskia spierings, niels and scheepers, peer 2018. Pdf on the compatibility of islam and gender equality. Womens rights in islam regarding marriage and divorce journal of law and practice, april 11, 2011. The social science scholarship most familiar to the west about. Gender equality and equity gender equality denotes women having the same opportunities in life as men, including the ability to participate in the public sphere gender equity denotes the equivalence in life outcomes for women and men, recognising their different needs and interests, and requiring a redistribution of power and resources.
Pdf gender equality, islam, and law raihanah abdullah. Men, muslims, and attitudes toward gender inequality. In the netherlands, 911 was a major turning point, while as early as the 1990s norway was having heated debates about islam and gender equality, especially regarding forced marriage within the pakistani minority culture, says van es. It fulfills its historic and civil role by keeping contemporary muslim in touch with religious principles, clarifying the right way, removing doubts concerning religious and worldly. In malaysia, this principle also took center stage and became the focus in the provisions and implementations of. Islam, culture, and feminist activism prepared for hdr 2004.
Reunderstanding religion and support for gender equality in arab countries. Apr 06, 2015 gender equality is the measurable equal representation of women and men. This value of equality is not to be mistaken for or confused with identicalness or stereotype. As we shall see, all revolved around the first part of the. Younos gender equality in islam is therefore a vitally important book that addresses the issue of womens rights in islam with the goal of exporting from the united states to the rest of the world, the true face of islam.1608 670 962 278 1161 1406 332 1485 564 621 197 599 967 527 818 187 939 1211 1257 1353 1425 1251 1113 332 274 263 916 1383 1132 1095 22